Mountain gorillas are a subspecies of the Eastern Gorilla that are found only in the Virunga Mountains of East Africa, which span across the borders of Rwanda, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Here are some interesting facts about mountain gorillas:
Population: As of 2021, it is estimated that there are fewer than 1,000 mountain gorillas left in the wild. The population has been steadily increasing over the past few decades, due in part to conservation efforts.
Physical Appearance: Mountain gorillas are typically larger than other gorilla subspecies, with males weighing up to 400 pounds and standing up to 6 feet tall. They have longer fur and thicker coats, which helps them survive in the colder mountain climate.
Social Structure: Mountain gorillas live in groups called troops, which are led by a dominant male known as a silverback. Troops typically consist of several females and their offspring, and the silverback is responsible for protecting the group and leading it to sources of food and water.
Diet: Mountain gorillas are primarily herbivores, feeding on a variety of leaves, stems, fruits, and flowers. They are known to occasionally eat small insects and other invertebrates.
Threats: Mountain gorillas are critically endangered due to habitat loss, poaching, and disease. Conservation efforts, including habitat protection and anti-poaching measures, have helped to increase their population in recent years.
Gorilla Trekking: Gorilla trekking is a popular activity in Rwanda and Uganda, where visitors can hike into the forests to observe mountain gorillas in their natural habitat. Permits are required and must be obtained in advance, and visitors must follow strict guidelines to ensure the safety and well-being of the gorillas.
Observing mountain gorillas in the wild can be a once-in-a-lifetime experience, but it is important to respect their habitat and follow guidelines to ensure their continued survival.
Trekking with the Gorillas in Uganda
Uganda is one of the best places in the world to see gorillas in their natural habitat. Gorilla trekking is typically done in two locations in Uganda: Bwindi Impenetrable National Park and Mgahinga Gorilla National Park. Here's some information about both parks:
Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is a protected area located in southwestern Uganda, covering an area of approximately 321 square kilometers. The park is known for its incredible biodiversity, including over 120 mammal species, 350 bird species, and over 200 species of butterflies. However, the park is most famous for its population of mountain gorillas, with almost half of the world's remaining population found within the park.
Here are some things to know about Bwindi Impenetrable National Park:
Gorilla Trekking: Gorilla trekking is the main attraction in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. Visitors can purchase permits to join guided treks through the forest to visit one of the habituated gorilla groups. Trekking can be challenging, with steep terrain and thick vegetation, but the experience of seeing gorillas up close in their natural habitat is truly unforgettable.
Accommodation: There are several lodges and campsites located within and around Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. Accommodation ranges from basic camping to luxurious lodges, with options to suit all budgets and preferences.
Other Activities: In addition to gorilla trekking, there are several other activities available in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. Visitors can go birdwatching, take guided walks through the forest, or visit nearby villages to learn about the local culture and way of life.
Conservation: Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is a critical area for conservation, not only for its gorilla population but for its incredible biodiversity as a whole. The park is managed by the Uganda Wildlife Authority, which works to protect the park's flora and fauna while also promoting sustainable tourism.
If you're interested in seeing mountain gorillas in their natural habitat, Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is one of the best places in the world to do so. The park's incredible biodiversity and conservation efforts make it a must-visit destination for anyone interested in wildlife and nature.
Mgahinga Gorilla National Park is a protected area located in southwestern Uganda, on the border with Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The park covers an area of approximately 33.7 square kilometers and is known for its population of endangered mountain gorillas, as well as its stunning scenery and cultural significance.
Here are some things to know about Mgahinga Gorilla National Park:
Gorilla Trekking: Mgahinga Gorilla National Park is home to one habituated gorilla group that can be visited by tourists. Visitors can purchase permits to join guided treks through the forest to see the gorillas up close in their natural habitat. Trekking in Mgahinga is generally considered to be easier than in other gorilla trekking locations due to the smaller size of the park and its lower elevation.
Other Wildlife: In addition to gorillas, Mgahinga Gorilla National Park is home to a variety of other wildlife species, including golden monkeys, bushbucks, buffaloes, and various bird species. The park also provides a corridor for elephants to migrate between Uganda and Rwanda.
Cultural Significance: Mgahinga Gorilla National Park is also significant for its cultural heritage, as it is home to the Batwa people, who were the original inhabitants of the forest before it became a protected area. Visitors can take guided walks with Batwa guides to learn about their traditional way of life and cultural practices.
Hiking: Mgahinga Gorilla National Park offers several hiking trails that provide stunning views of the park's landscapes, including Mount Gahinga, Mount Sabinyo, and Mount Muhavura. These hikes vary in difficulty and can be arranged with local guides.
It's important to note that permits for gorilla trekking can be limited, so it's recommended to book in advance. Gorilla trekking is also a sensitive activity, and visitors are expected to follow strict guidelines to ensure the safety and well-being of the gorillas.
How tough is Gorilla Trekking?
Gorilla trekking can be a physically challenging activity, but the level of difficulty can vary depending on the location, the terrain, and the specific gorilla group that you are visiting.
In general, trekking to see gorillas involves hiking through dense forests and up steep mountain slopes in search of the gorilla group you have been assigned to visit. The duration of the trek can range from 1-2 hours to a full day depending on the location of the gorillas and the difficulty of the terrain.
The altitude can also be a factor in the difficulty of gorilla trekking, especially in locations such as the Virunga Mountains that span Uganda, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The highest peak, Mount Karisimbi, is over 4,500 meters above sea level, and some trekking routes can reach elevations of over 3,000 meters. This can make breathing and physical exertion more challenging for some people.
That being said, trekking to see gorillas is usually a slow and steady process, and guides are careful to ensure that trekkers can keep up with the pace. It is important to have a basic level of fitness and be prepared for some physical exertion, but with the right mindset and preparation, gorilla trekking can be a rewarding and unforgettable experience.
What if I don't see the Gorillas?
If you don't see gorillas during your first gorilla trekking experience, you may be able to go again the next day, depending on availability of permits and the policies of the park you are visiting.
In Uganda and Rwanda, the authorities limit the number of permits issued each day to visit the gorillas, in order to minimize disturbance to the animals and protect their habitat. In some cases, permits may be fully booked for several days in advance, so it's important to plan ahead and book your permit in advance to avoid disappointment.
If you are unable to see the gorillas during your first visit, you may be able to request a second permit for another trekking experience the following day, subject to availability. You will need to pay for a new permit, but some parks offer a discount for returning visitors who did not see gorillas on their first visit.
It's important to keep in mind that gorilla trekking is a natural experience and sightings of the animals cannot be guaranteed. However, the trekking experience itself can be rewarding and provide a chance to explore the forest and observe other wildlife species.
Best time to go!
The best time to go gorilla trekking in Uganda and Rwanda is during the dry season, which runs from June to September and December to February. During these months, the weather is generally dry and sunny, making hiking conditions more comfortable and the gorillas easier to locate.
The dry season also coincides with the peak tourist season, so it's important to book your gorilla trekking permits and accommodations well in advance to ensure availability.
However, gorilla trekking can be done throughout the year, and some people prefer to visit during the rainy season from March to May and October to November. Although the weather can be wet and muddy, this is the low season and permits and accommodations may be more readily available. The forest is also lush and green during the rainy season, providing a beautiful backdrop for the trekking experience. Regardless of the season, it's important to be prepared for variable weather conditions and to dress in layers to ensure your comfort during the trek.